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New Toyota designs and technologies
At the 2005 Tokyo motor show

Toyota Fine-X concept car at the 2005 Tokyo motor show - front view

Toyota Fine-X concept car at the 2005 Tokyo motor show - side view

FINE-X: a compact hatchback powered by a fuel cell hybrid system.

20th October 2005.

No less than five key concept cars will display Toyota's new design and technology trends at the 2005 Tokyo motor show, when it will open its doors to the public on the 22nd of October (till the 6th of November), at the International Convention Complex  (Makuhari Messe) in Chiba.

On the theme of Ecology and Emotion, the second largest car manufacturer in the world (in volume terms) will show its fuel cell hybrid power with the Fine-X concept, open up new  personal mobility ideas with the i-swing, highlight its high-efficiency hybrid system with electric four-wheel drive in the New Estima MPV concept, while the other MPV-style vehicle, the FSC concept, blends passenger car style with minivan flexibility. The fifth concept car, the youth-focused bB will take the youth club culture to the highway.

Toyota Estima Hybrid concept car at the 2005 Tokyo motor show.

Toyota Bb concept car at the 2005 Tokyo motor show.

Estima hybrid (top) and bB concept.

FINE-X - A compact hatchback powered by a fuel cell hybrid system, the Toyota Fine-X provides a glimpse of the radical opportunities that a hybrid fuel cell system can provide, delivering environmental performance and exceptional manoeuvrability through four-wheel independent drive and the use of a large steering angle mechanism that allows the vehicle to turn on the spot.

Following Toyota’s ‘vibrant clarity’ design principles, the Fine-X has external dimensions slightly greater all round than the current generation Yaris/Ist. Interior space, however, is closer to that of an Avensis or a Camry.

The interior is designed with variable lighting intensity and power seats that automatically move in and out of the car through the wide-opening gullwing doors.

Toyota i-swing concept car at the 2005 Tokyo motor show.

Toyota i-swing concept: click on the photo to open the other photos page.

Four-wheel independent drive with in-wheel electric motors and four-wheel independent steering with a large angle steering mechanism make the Fine-X exceptionally easy to manoeuvre.

The car can rotate on the spot, execute tight U-turns and move into tight parking spots with ease.

Driving gets even easier and safer thanks to the use of peripheral monitors, giving the driver a view right around the vehicle.

The hybrid system, combining a hydrogen fuel cell and electric motors, ensures strong environmental performance, while Toyota pursues a carbon-neutral profile for the vehicle by using plant-based materials in the construction of internal and external components. The source plants absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere as they grow and, even if the components are burned when the vehicle reaches the end of its life, no additional CO2 is emitted.

By the way, the "Fine-X" name is meant to be a contraction of "fuel cell innovation emotion experiment".

Toyota FSC concept car at the 2005 Tokyo motor show.

Toyota FSC concept car at the 2005 Tokyo motor show.

FSC: to bridge the gap between cars and MPVs.

i-swing - The i-swing concept is a single-person vehicle package designed to give drivers a higher sense of individuality. Almost like an automotive equivalent of clothing, it has a ‘wearable’ quality: its low-resistance urethane body is covered in cloth to soften any impact, should it bump into anyone on the street, and an LED panel can be customised to suit the owner’s mood.

When operating on a busy street, i-swing runs on two wheels, taking up little pavement space. If desired, it can move at walking pace, so the driver can keep up a conversation with someone moving on foot.

When you need to move more quickly, i-swing can change to three-wheel mode, with stick and pedal controls for a fresh cornering action that responds to shifts in the driver’s body weight, rather like moving on skis.

Toyota concepts dimensions (mm)

Length Width Height Seating
Fine-X 3,860 1,750 1,550 4
Estima Hybrid 4,820 1,800 1,760 7
i-swing, 2 wheels/
3 wheels
800 1,800/
FSC 4,670 1,800 1,520 6
bB 3,915 1,690 1,620 5

Using artificial intelligence, i-swing learns and stores data on the habits and preferences of its users to make it a highly personalised form of transport.

Estima hybrid - The Estima full-size MPV (equivalent to the European Previa) is being shown as a new design concept equipped with Toyota’s latest hybrid system, THS II, and electric four-wheel drive.

Toyota Exhibits - Environment


Pursues environmental performance, such as fuel efficiency and low emissions, as well as smooth acceleration and low noise.

Fuel cell

Toyota's own fuel cell combined with hybrid technology raises efficiency even higher than before. The 70Mpa high-pressure hydrogen tank was developed in-house.


New fuel (gasoline in this case) injection system combines direct injection into the cylinder with port injection to achieve both high environmental and powerful drive performance.

Carbon-neutral materials

Environmental performance through plant-based materials for use in vehicle parts, which, when eventually disposed of, will not increase overall CO2 in the environment.

The previous generation Estima was the first MPV to be offered as a production hybrid power model. With THS II, the new concept uses an exhaust heat recovery system to help further reduce carbon dioxide and other emissions. It delivers the quiet and smooth acceleration characteristic of hybrid power vehicles, with added dynamic performance through Vehicle Dynamics Integrated Management (VDIM), which seamlessly co-ordinates braking and handling systems performance in all driving conditions. Combined with E-four electric four-wheel drive, it ensures higher levels of drivability.

Toyota Exhibits - Safety

with Integrated active steering control

Carries out integrated control of VSC, ABS, TRC (traction control), EPS (electric power steering) and active steering mechanism, to control vehicle movement before it becomes unstable.


Issues warnings and controls seatbelt and brakes depending on the status of the driver in situations where a collision is imminent, reducing collision damage.

Human Model
for Safety

Developed to improve safety technology by using a finite element method (FEM) model with a virtual human body to enable analysis of the effect of a collision on the human body.


Urgent notification service that requests dispatch of an emergency police or fire service vehicle in the case of an accident or sudden illness.

FSC - To bridge the divide between cars and MPVs with an ultra-flexible interior, Toyota's FSC concept brings a new-category model that evolves and combines the elegance of a saloon with the functionality of an MPV.

Spacious enough to accommodate four adults in comfort, it features an electrically-adjustable rear section to adapt the interior configuration for different passenger or load-carrying needs.

Its features include a smart rear hatch and touch-operated functions, while an innovative interior lighting design gives the car a distinctive and comfortable ambience.

bB - The bB concept (derived from the US Scion xB model) is simply a music player, a sound system... or even a nightclub on wheels. Its youth-focused, edgy design is matched by a mighty nine-speaker sound system with surround DSP (digital signal processing) and lighting that flashes in time to the beat.

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