time, Nissan's GT-R will be sold
around the world.
30 October 2007.
What does Nissan mean when it
describes its all-new GT-R, one of the rare cars to
arouse such an interest anywhere in the world - in a
showroom, on the road or simply in a browser's
favourite / bookmark - as: an ultimate supercar for
anyone, anywhere, at anytime?
By anyone, Nissan means that
drivers of all abilities can enjoy its performance,
from racing drivers to amateurs of particularly
exceptional sports car. Although it is going to be
significantly cheaper than other supercars, this anyone
should of course afford about US$ 70,000 to buy it.
Anywhere refers to the GT-R
development around the world, from the Nürburgring
racing circuit in Germany, to Nissan's high-speed hot
weather circuit in Arizona, to the snowy roads of
Michigan. Anywhere means also that with its four-wheel
drive system, the GT-R should be at home on dry
Tarmac, snow and on wet rainy roads.
Another meaning for anywhere:
unlike previous GT-R generations, the new one will be
sold in both right- and left-hand drive forms around
the world, including North America and mainland
Europe. After its Japanese launch on December 6th,
with prices starting from ¥7,770,000 (nearly
US$68,000), it will reach U.S. showrooms in June 2008.
It should reach most parts of the world during the
2008 fiscal year (from 1st April 2008 to 31st March
new body is not derived from a
production sedan or coupe.
Finally, anytime implies
that GT-R is as capable on hot summer days as snowy
winter ones, by day or at night.
Heritage and targets - GT-R
history started with the PGC10 GT-R in 1969. However,
the new body is not derived from a production sedan or
coupe, but is one of a kind, the first in GT-R history
(the last GT-R was based on the Skyline).
Landmark features carried over from
the GT-R design heritage are the edgy box-shape of the
PGC10 GT-R, the four round tail lamps of the KPGC110
GT-R (1973), and the grille opening of the R34 GT-R
(1999), a symbolic cooling feature in the design.
to handle straight-line stability even
over 300 km/h.
In all cases, the new GT-R inherits
the tradition of being Nissan's technology flagship in
dynamic performance and active safety, as well as
Moreover, the new GT-R sets another
target: the creation of a new supercar market.
Traditionally, specific roads, weather conditions and
driving techniques put supercars in a market for a
very limited class of users. Nissan developed the new
GT-R as a supercar that offers speed and fuel
efficiency, power and clean air flow, high performance
driver's seat is height and
rake-adjustable and the steering wheel
also has a wide range of adjustments.
The rear seats are more 'occasional'
seats than full-size chairs.
Comfortable for many adults on short
journeys, they are better for children
or for carrying bags, jackets and
The body is made with a combination
of advanced steels, carbon fibre and aluminium, to
provide both stiffness and lightness. It uses a Premium
Midship package, an all-new platform which enables
the use of the world’s first application of an
independent transaxle 4WD system. The transaxle’s
layout places the dual-clutch transmission, transfer
case and final drive at the rear of the vehicle
(instead of the usual front location), offering better
front-to-rear weight balance while enhancing leg and
foot space and allowing for an optimal pedal layout.
Carbon fibre is used for the front
end of the body structure, including the radiator
support and the front of the engine bay. The advanced
lightweight material gives strength, especially in any
Carbon fibre is also used for the
rear aerodynamic diffuser undertray. Special
fibreglass is used for the engine undertray, and helps
give the Nissan GT-R a virtually flat bottom, further
improving aerodynamics. Cd is an excellent 0.27 and
that's matched to good downforce, crucial on a
Engine - Under the hood, the
brand new 3.8-litre twin turbo V6 VR38DETT
engine is specially developed for the Nissan GT-R. It
produces 480PS (353kW, 473 bhp) at 6400rpm and
maximum torque of 60kg/m (588Nm, 434 lb/ft)
from 3200 to 5200rpm. This makes the Nissan GT-R one
of the most powerful Japanese road cars and the most
powerful production car ever built by Nissan.
The engine features plasma-sprayed
bores and special twin IHI turbochargers. A secondary
air management system helps providing approximately
40kg/m of torque (392 Nm, 289 lb/ft) during ordinary
low-rev driving, with an optimum air-fuel ratio for
around-town efficiently and helps GT-R meet ultra-low
emission vehicle (U-LEV) standards in Japan. It
features an air pump which promotes a faster catalyst
transaxle 4WD system: the transaxle’s
layout places the dual-clutch
transmission, transfer case and final
drive at the rear of the vehicle,
offering better front-to-rear weight
balance while enhancing leg and foot
space and allowing for an optimal
The plasma-coated cylinder liner
bores are just 0.15mm thick, compared with
conventional cast iron liners of 2.6mm. They are
better at dissipating heat, improving efficiency and
they're lighter, saving about 3 kg in a V6 engine. To
ensure sufficient lubrication of the sprayed-on
cylinder liner in the aluminium block, special
synthetic engine oil is used: Mobil-1 RP OW-40.
Nissan considers its GT-R as the
"world's most efficient supercar in balancing
speed, acceleration and fuel consumption", and
gives the official fuel consumption rate (Japanese
specifications) of 8.2 km per litre, which is the
equivalent of 19.29 US mpg, 23.15 UK mpg, or 12.2
analogue instruments, ringed in bezels.
The engine has an oil cooler system
and in extreme cornering, a scavenger pump maintains
turbocharger oil flow. The oil collecting structure
inside the engine is optimised by a lateral wet and
dry sump system, which helps secure stable oil
collecting and maintains pressure in various driving
A collector tank inside the fuel
tank always stores enough fuel to maintain fuel flow
even under strong g forces.
The engines, like the
transmissions, are all hand made. One craftsman
hand-assembles the entire engine. The dedicated engine
builders work in a special Nissan GT-R 'clean room'
area of Nissan's Yokohama plant.
lever selector and red start / Stop
Transmission - The Nissan
GT-R uses an all-new GR6-type transmission,
exclusively developed for the car. Unlike an automatic
transmission with conventional torque converter, the
six-speed twin clutch gearbox has minimum power loss
to improve response and fuel economy.
The shift lever selector positions
(opposite photo) are Park, Reverse, Neutral, Automatic
or Manual, and manual gear shifts are via paddles
directly behind the steering wheel.
M Mode - In M range (for manual
transmission mode), the paddle shift gives very
quick changes, maintaining the turbo boost, so
acceleration is one strong powerful seamless burst.
gear shifts via paddles behind the
The twin clutches contribute to
shift speed. There are separate clutches for the odd
(1,3,5) and even (2,4,6) gears. When the car is
running in an odd number gear, the adjacent even
numbered gears are pre-selected and are ready to make
the shift immediately in the sequential-shifting
gearbox. When downshifting, a synchronised rev control
'blips' the throttle precisely to synchronise engine
speed for extra-fast downshifts. Borg-Warner triple
cone synchronisers are used.
R Mode - When R mode, the
sportiest setting is chosen on the set-up switch, a
computerised control predicts the driver's next gear
change, based on throttle opening, vehicle speed,
braking and other information.
switch allows the driver to select
A Mode - In A (automatic
transmission) mode, the car changes gear
automatically, in the most fuel efficient manner.
Higher gears are used whenever possible, benefiting
from the massive 588 Nm of torque, and its long and
flat torque curve. Nissan says the car can be driven
in sixth gear for long periods at low speeds, and
still offers good throttle response.
Four-wheel drive - The new
Nissan GT-R is naturally rear-drive biased. However,
its all-wheel drive system (ATTESA E-TS) distributes
power to the front wheels when and if necessary. Up to
50 percent of torque can be fed forward, improving
traction in difficult conditions - such as rain,
frost, ice or snow. Front drive is also utilised to
improve cornering performance on Tarmac, improving
traction and stability.
steering wheel: 60mm tilt and
A special computerised control
automatically alters the front/rear torque split from
zero torque at the front wheels, to 50 percent of
total torque. The control is varied continuously, as
various sensors on the car measure speed; lateral and
transverse acceleration, steering angles, tyre slip
and other road surface and yaw rate.
On the new Nissan GT-R an
additional sensor is the yaw-rate feedback control,
which measures the difference between the target yaw
rate calculated from the steering angle, the actual
yaw rate detected by the yaw-rate sensor and G sensor.
Front and rear torque is automatically corrected
The four-wheel drive system
includes a Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC-R), the
Nissan GT-R's electronic stability control system. It
continually monitors the vehicle's behaviour. If off
balance behaviour is detected - such as sliding or
skidding - torque to the wheels will be altered to
help stabilise the car.
(top) and rear (above) suspension.
An E-TS electronic traction
control system is also fitted to rear mechanical
limited slip differentials, preventing wheel spin and
improving grip. The E-TS and rear final drive
with limited slip differential are both integrated
into the compact and light rear transaxle. The
input/output shafts are placed diagonally to get a
flat transmission while lowering the car's centre of
Suspension - Nissan says the
new type of suspension of its GT-R offers
"excellent straight-line stability, even over 186
mph (300 km/h), plus top-class handling and braking in
all situations - from urban commutes, to snowy and
slushy roads, to the racetrack". It is designed
around the new 'Premium Mid-ship' package.
Light and very strong die cast
aluminium is used for the front suspension strut
housings, and the rigid cross brace members for both
front and rear suspension to further improve
A set-up switch allows the driver
to access three different suspension modes: R
(high performance), Sports (the normal setting)
and Comfort (for city driving to absorb road
bumps). The set-up switch electronically changes the
settings on the Bilstein DampTronic dampers, specially
developed for the Nissan GT-R.
front/rear dampers developed for the
In R mode, the Bilsteins provide
flat, hard cornering for high-speed and maximum
feedback. In the other two modes - Sport and Comfort -
the dampers are electronically controlled to produce
the best possible handling/ride balance (depending on
which setting is chosen).
Special sensors measure 11 vehicle
elements including vehicle speed, lateral acceleration
speed, steering angle speed, demand torque, estimate
torque, engine rpm, brake fluid pressure, normal
acceleration, ABS anti-lock braking behaviour and
vehicle stop information.
Brakes - GT-R features large
front and rear Brembo fully ventilated drilled steel
disc brakes. Full floating rotors stabilise braking
while also preventing heat distortion. The inner parts
have diamond-shaped ventilated ribs, to ease cooling.
They are also cross drilled to run as cool as
Brembo monoblock six-piston
callipers are used in front and rear four piston type.
To generate strong braking force and prevent calliper
distortion, racing-style three bolt structures are
(left) / rear Brembo ventilated and
drilled disc brakes.
On an uphill gradient, which the
car automatically recognises, the GT-R's Hill Start
Assist system maintains brake pressure for about two
seconds after the release of the brake pedal, making
hill starts easy.
Tyres - Tyres are specially
developed by Bridgestone and Dunlop for the GT-R, to
offer a combination of high-speed balance, high-grip
cornering on racing circuits, great traction in the
rain and comfort in the city. The run-flat structures
allow for 50 miles (80km) of driving at 50 mph (80
wing ending with a side scoop
for better colling.
Normally, run-flat tyres have very
hard sidewalls, to maintain tyre shape after a
puncture. The Nissan GT-R's tyres have unusually
pliant sidewalls, improving steering, agility and ride
comfort. They are filled with nitrogen rather than
conventional air, which prevent pressure change during
high speed driving.
Dimensions are 255/40ZRF20 at the
front with larger 285/35ZRF20 at the rear. The 20-inch
alloy wheel rims have special knurling to secure the
tyres during very hard acceleration or braking.
Specially designed Studless tyres
for the GT-R are also available through selected
Nissan dealers in Japan.
Exterior – The design
bears a close resemblance to the GT-R
Proto of the 2005 Tokyo Show. GT-R’s low
coefficient of drag of 0.27 enhances fuel efficiency,
but is also balanced with effective front and rear
down-force, for a better grip in all weather
The pillars are quite upright,
emphasising that this is not an impractical low-slung
pillars, unlike an impractical
Design director Shiro Nakamura says
that the mission was to achieve a supercar, not a
normal fast car, and that functionality has to be core
to the GT-R. Not too low, to keep it easy to get in
and out of, with good visibility and easy driving.
Nakamura adds: "It is clearly
not an Italian, German or American car - it is
unmistakably Japanese. It is very mechanical, almost
like an animated robot... The previous R34 GT-R had
the same image. It's like you could be playing this
car on a video game... We didn't want a nice elegant
shape - we wanted an original shape. Some people who
buy this car will also have a Ferrari and a Porsche.
This car must be different from all others. I see it
as a car influenced not by feminine beauty, like
Italian cars, but by masculine beauty".
The front bumpers
"aero-blades" on the leading edges provide
airflow around the tyres and along the body. The scoop
in the bumper trailing edges assists in providing
front down-force and optimisation of side airflow.
New "super wide beam"
headlights feature three additional sub-reflectors
(compared to conventional lights) to give a wider
spread to the illumination area (see safety section
fibre for the rear aerodynamic
At the rear, there are the four
round tail lamps mirrored in the four round exhausts
directly below. Advanced technology comes also in GT-R’s
paint – which utilises a double clear coat and
anti-chipping process and is hand-polished.
Interior Design and instruments
- The cabin gets sculpted performance bucket seats and
soft pads on the lower portion of the instrument panel
and doors to give an extra level of comfort and
A special set-up switch located in
the centre of the instrument panel, enables the driver
to adjust transmission shifts, shock absorbers and the
Vehicle Dynamic Control in three settings – Normal,
Comfort or R, the high-performance setting (see
A high-speed, high-capacity
CARWINGS navigation system is available in Japan, with
a 30GB hard disk drive, featuring an easy-to-use touch
pad, as well as traditional navigation switches. The
screen interface features also an entertainment system
with a Music Box hard drive, DVD and CD player, and
Bluetooth audio function.
Like the exterior, Nissan GT-R's
interior is meant to be stylish but highly functional
too. The cabin shares no major components or design
features with any other Nissan model. Instruments are
directly in front of the driver. The circular analogue
instruments are ringed in chunky bezels and there is a
tachometer red-lined at 7000rpm. Within the tachometer
is an easy-to-see gearshift position display.
display details the driving conditions.
Multi-Function Display - The
multi-function display in the centre of the dash,
gives a detailed log of the driving behaviour (details
The design of the multi-function
display, which also includes the satellite navigation
and audio controls, was done in conjunction with
Polyphony Digital Inc, designer of the Gran-Turismo
video game series for Sony PlayStation.
The multi-function display useful
information includes (see opposite photos):
Mechanical information -
including engine water temperature, oil temperature,
oil pressure, transmission oil temperature,
transmission oil pressure, turbocharger boost and
front/rear torque split. In every case an individual
reading can be highlighted or several different
functions can be shown in the multifunction window.
Driving information -
including accelerator opening, brake pedal pressure,
steering angle and g-force both longitudinally and
transversely. An on-board driving recorder also logs
driving performance and can be a useful tool in
improving driving technique.
Optimal gearshift map is
shown for fuel efficiency. It shows best gearshift
points using easy-to-understand graphics, and includes
both enthusiastic and urban driving. The monitor also
shows a log of eco-driving over the previous 20
Driving records - including
routes used and time duration.
The system is easy to use thanks to
both a rotary selector switch, as well as it being a
In the centre of the dashboard,
below the multi-function display, is a cluster angled
towards the driver. It contains switches for the air
conditioning, audio and set-up switches, used to
change the tuning of components including dampers,
gear shift and VDC.
The centre console, contains a red
start button, leather shift lever (the same leather
used for the steering wheel) and parking brake. The
steering wheel is small and trimmed in soft
Seating - Seats are
especially designed for the Nissan GT-R. They're
heavily side bolstered for lateral support and
comfort. To relax the lower legs during longer drives,
the front edge of the seat is unusually flat; it also
makes getting into and out of the seat easier.
Nissan claims that its GT-R has the
greatest range of seat adjustment of any supercar, to
ensure that virtually all drivers can get comfortable
behind the wheel. The driver's seat is designed so
that anyone from 144cm to 190cm will feel comfortable
behind the wheel. The seat slide is long (228mm), the
seat is height and rake-adjustable and the steering
wheel also has a wide range of adjustments (60mm tilt,
Like many high-performance
four-seat coupes, the rear seats are more 'occasional'
seats than full-size chairs. Though comfortable for
most adults on short journeys, they are better for
children or for carrying bags, jackets and other
The centre console sweeps through
the middle of the cabin, dividing left and right rear
seats. Between the seats there is the provision for
optional two BOSE sound system woofers.
The trunk is large for the
GT-R category (VDA: 315L), big enough for two sets of
golf bags or for substantial holiday luggage. Luggage
space is further improved by the car's run-flat tyres
which eliminate the need for a spare tyre in the
/ trunk volume of 315 litres, good for
the GT-R category.
The seats have three colour
schemes: black, black with red highlight or grey.
Navigation, audio and video -
The navigation system uses the same screen as the
multi-function meter, with a 30 GB hard disk drive to
speed route searches. It also includes an
entertainment system capable of recording up to 3000
songs (from music imported from CDs) as well as
The high resolution screen with
newly developed WVGA (wide video graphics array) high
resolution display is a liquid crystal monitor that
has four times the number of pixels of a conventional
satellite navigation screen. Innovative 3D graphics
can depict streetscapes and junctions with more
accuracy than conventional displays. The system can be
controlled via a rotary switch or its touch-screen
display. There is also voice command and a steering
climate control, 30GB system
The 30GB system also allows for a
rich entertainment system. It provides various music
selection functions, can play DVD audio and video as
well as music from memory CF cards, WMA (Windows Media
Audio) and MP3 formats. By using a Bluetooth
transmitter, it can wirelessly connect and play music
from an iPod. Wireless connection also allows
hands-free cellular phone calls.
A digital TV tuner allows occupants
to watch TV on the high definition screen.
Specially developed for the new
Nissan GT-R by BOSE and Nissan engineers, the sound
system is matched to the acoustic requirements of the
cabin, including shapes and materials. The 11-speaker
system includes tweeters (high frequency range),
squawkers (mid range) and woofers (low frequency).
There are also two woofers in the rear centre armrest
facing forward. The layout uses the trunk for speaker
enclosure. The rear centre woofers and door speakers
are mounted in rigid aluminium die cast panels, which
improve sound quality, especially with tight bass
round tail lamps heritage from the
KPGC110 GT-R (1973).
The built-in DC-DC converter
enables voltage to be amplified from the ordinary 12
volts to 52 V, realising a higher output. The new PWM
amplifier (switching amplifier) balances high output,
high efficiency, and light weight.
Standard safety equipment
includes driver and front passenger SRS airbag system,
front seat belts with load limiters and three-point
rear seat belts. Curtain Air Bag System are also
offered. Standard equipment includes also a pop-up
engine hood system for enhanced pedestrian safety.
The door inners are also made from
die cast aluminium, enhancing side impact safety
says that after investigating active
headlamps that turn in the same
direction as the steering wheel, it
concluded that the super wide beam
headlamps did a better job in a high
To improve active safety, the new
GT-R is fitted with new super wide beam headlamps that
give a better spread than normal sports car headlamps.
Nissan says that after investigating active headlamps
that turn (usually up to 15°) in the same direction
as the steering wheel, it concluded that the super
wide beam headlamps did a better job in a high
performance car - largely because they provide a
better light spread in high-speed straight-line
driving. They also offer unmatched light spread in
dark cities, on winding roads, and on pedestrian
Nissan adds that compared with
conventional lights, the GT-R lamps have three
additional sub-reflectors, enhancing the illumination
area. They 'turn night into day' more effectively than
any current headlamp design, giving unmatched night
The new GT-R has an advanced
anti-theft security system. In addition to the usual
vehicle-entry detection sensor, a further sensor
detects vehicle inclination. So if the vehicle is
towed away, or inclined for any reason (such as to
steal tyres or wheels), the alarm sounds.
The engine immobiliser uses an
electronic ID signal between the key and the
immobiliser system installed in the BCM (body control
module) for code verification. If the system is
verified, the BCM then signals the ECM (engine control
module) to start the engine. If the electronic ID is
incorrect, the engine is immobilised.
When a vehicle is locked with a
keyless remote control or an intelligent key, the
system disables use of a mechanical key or door knobs
inside the vehicle to unlock. This prevents forced
entry by handling door knobs inside the vehicle to
A wheel lock nut helps preventing
theft of the alloy wheels.
Manufacturing - All Nissan
GT-Rs are built in Nissan's Tochigi factory in Japan,
where Infiniti models are built. Much of the assembly
is done by hand, reflecting the complex nature of the
vehicle and its hand crafted precision. Each car has a
conducted run-in drive before shipping, in addition to
its regular inspections, so the very earliest use of
the brakes, transmission and suspension will be smooth
for the customer. The vehicle is fully inspected
before customer delivery.