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World’s first horizontally opposed engine with D-4S
Tokyo's world debut of the Toyota GT 86 sports coupe

Toyota GT 86 sports coupe: front-side picture.

Toyota GT 86: 4,24m long with a wheelbase of 2,57m.

29 November 2011: Following Subaru's reveal of its upcoming BRZ sports coupe concept at the 2011 Los Angeles International Auto Show earlier this month, Toyota has just announced that its new GT 86 2+2 sports car (displayed previously as the FT-86 concept car) will make its world debut (like the Subaru BRZ) at the 42nd Tokyo Motor Show (public days from 3 to 11 December 2011).

Co-developed between Toyota and Subaru (the latter is a wholly owned subsidiary of Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd, in which Toyota holds 16.5%), the compact coupé promises a very low centre of gravity with a high power-to-weight ratio, a front-mounted engine and rear-wheel drive.

Toyota GT 86 sports coupe: rear-side picture.

A 53:47 front-to-rear weight distribution.

Toyota says that its new coupe, which will be called the GT 86 in Europe – on sale in the UK market from June – is built on a new platform. The GT 86 is 4240mm long, 1285mm high and 1775mm wide, with a wheelbase of 2570mm.

The current world's largest volume car maker (VW looks like taking the top spot for 2011) adds that the powertrain and the driving position of the GT 86 have been set as low and as far back as possible to achieve a 53:47 front-to-rear weight distribution.

The flat-four engine format and the driver’s hip point – the lowest of any current Toyota production model – together put the GT 86 centre of gravity at 460mm.

 Engine

The 2-litre (1,998cc) horizontally opposed, naturally aspirated four-cylinder boxer (flat-four) petrol (gasoline) engine (Subaru is reputed for its boxer engines and AWD systems) adopts Toyota's D-4S direct and port (indirect) injection technology, to deliver a maximum output of 197bhp at 7,000rpm and 205Nm (151 lb-ft) at 6,600rpm.

The D-4S injection technology features separate twin injectors for both direct and port injection, and a high 12.5:1 compression ratio, increasing power and torque across a wide range of engine speeds.

The flat-four engine has equal bore and stroke of 86.0mm and drives through either a six-speed manual or six-speed automatic transmission. The automatic transmission can be controlled using paddle shifts mounted on the steering wheel.

Toyota GT 86 sports coupe: dashboard picture.

Toyota GT 86 sports coupe: dashboard and console picture.

The steering wheel is the smallest ever fitted to a Toyota.

Toyota's GT 86 power is transmitted to the rear wheels via a limited slip differential. The ABS and vehicle stability control systems have been tuned for minimal electronic intervention. The VSC can be switched off.

The suspension features MacPherson struts at the front and double wishbones at the rear, with four ventilated disc brakes and 17-inch wheels.

 Design

The lower grille gives the GT 86 a powerful appearance, with model-specific 17-inch alloy wheels, rear spoiler, twin exhausts and the “86” piston logo.

On board, the steering wheel is trimmed in buckskin and has a 365mm diameter, making it the smallest ever fitted to a Toyota.

The three-meter instrument cluster is arranged around a large tachometer and the cockpit has its carbon-effect trim matching an all-black roof lining, red stitching on the upholstery, aviation-style rocker switches and lightweight, aluminium pedals.

Toyota states that the inspiration for the GT 86 is the Corolla GT (or Levin) AE86. Its front-engine, rear-wheel drive package, compact dimensions, light weight, good balance and high power-to-weight ratio made its success in rallying and circuit driving throughout its production life, from 1983 to 1987.

 

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