Subaru Forester 2.0XT with the new 250hp turbo engine.
11 Dec. 2012,
Tony Kanaan: Following its recent presentation at the 2012 Los Angeles
Auto Show, Subaru's all-new all-wheel drive Forester crossover SUV will
start its journey on American roads from this spring, as a 2014 model
In other markets, such as
the UK, deliveries of
the new Forester start this summer (prices will be available nearer to
On the engines side, a new
250-hp (U.S. specs) direct-injection turbocharged 2.0-liter
gasoline (petrol) boxer engine is added to the other gasoline 2.5-liter
naturally aspirated boxer, with a new 6-speed
manual transmission for the 2.5i models, and a new Lineartronic
CVT (continuously variable transmission) gearbox with SI-Drive
system (in the Forester 2.0XT).
platform with a 0.9-inch (22.8mm) longer wheelbase.
Built on a new platform
with a 0.9-inch (22.8mm) longer wheelbase (103.9in., 2640mm), the
fourth-generation Forester (the first was introduced in 1998) gets longer
than its predecessor by 1.4 in. (35.5mm), to reach 180.9in. (4,595
metres), and wider by 0.6-in.(15.2mm), at 70.7 in. (1,795m).
With these main
dimensions, the new Forester features a city-practical turning circle
diameter of 34.8-ft. (10.60 metres), with a new electric power assisted
steering (EPAS) system (rack-and-pinion), a
15.5:1 steering ratio and 3.1 turns lock-to-lock.
electric power assisted steering (EPAS) system.
In terms of interior
capacities, the EPA interior volume of the 5-passenger crossover SUV comes
at 113.1 cubic feet (3,202 litres), or 107.8 cu. ft. with the sunroof
As such, the cargo volume
comes at 34.4 cu. ft. (974.1 litres) with the rear seatbacks up, and 74.7
cu. ft. (2115 litres) with the standard 60/40 split rear seats folded down
(compared to 68.3 cu. ft. / 1934
litres in the outgoing Forester generation). With the sunroof, the figures
are 31.5 cu. ft. (892 litres) with the rear seatbacks up, and 68.5 cu. ft.
(1939 litres) when they are folded down.
Also, the new Forester
comes with an enhanced AWD system with Hill
Descent Control and X-Mode locking (on high-line models), two
different versions of Symmetrical AWD (depending on transmission,
more details below) and the four-wheel
front seat hip point is 1.1-in. (27.9mm) higher than
In the U.S. announced
specifications, all versions will feature as standard equipment dual-stage
front air bags, front seat side air bags and side curtain air bags. A
rollover sensor activates the seat belt pre-tensioners and deploys the
curtain airbags if it detects potential vehicle rollover.
All versions (except the
base 2.5i model) will also get a standard rear
vision camera and colour multi-function display.
The basic version in the
2.5i model uses a 4.3-inch LCD screen to relay outside temperature and a
selection of fuel economy displays.
multi-information display, used in all other 2014 Forester models, adds a
colour display for the standard rear vision camera, audio and Bluetooth
information, climate control displays, vehicle self-check, maintenance
reminder and, where applicable, X-Mode and Hill
Descent Control operation.
seat legroom increased to 41.7 inches (1059mm).
Other standard equipment
(U.S.) for all versions will include 4-wheel disc brakes
with ABS, Brake Assist and Brake
Override, Vehicle Dynamics Control
system (VDC), 12-volt power outlets in
the dash, centre console
and cargo area, 60/40 split fold down rear seatback, air
conditioning, AM/FM stereo system with
a CD player, 4 speakers, Bluetooth
cell phone connectivity and audio
streaming, iPod capability with USB port, Radio Data Broadcast System
(RDBS), cruise control, ECO fuel
economy gauge, headlights/ parking lights auto-off with ignition
switch, height-adjustable driver’s seat, electric side mirrors and
windows (with driver’s one-touch auto-down switch), remote
keyless entry / security system with
engine immobilizer, steering wheel
audio and Bluetooth control switches,
tilt and telescoping steering column and a tire
pressure monitoring system.
cu. ft. (974.1 litres) with the rear seatbacks up.
Options include a
navigation system with smartphone
integration, a power rear gate with automatic close and Keyless Access and
Start and the EyeSight Driver-Assist
The top-line Touring
models come standard with a navigation system and 440-watt harman/kardon
new EyeSight driver-assist system debuted on the 2013 Subaru Legacy and
Outback models. Optional on the 2.5i and 2.0XT Touring models, it
integrates Adaptive Cruise Control, Pre-Collision Braking and Vehicle Lane
Departure Warning. It uses a stereo camera system developed by Subaru to
provide a detection angle wider than that of radar-based systems.
Forester in the UK this summer
In the UK market where the new
Forester will be available from this summer, the
announced line-up includes three 2.0-litre Boxer
engines, which will include 150ps (110 kW, 148
bhp) 2.0-litre Boxer diesel and petrol units, as
well as the new 2.0-litre direct injection
turbocharged petrol engine, in a version producing
280ps (206 kW, 276 bhp).
Both of the naturally-aspirated
engines will feature a standard six-speed manual
transmission, while Subaru’s Lineartronic (CVT)
transmission is available for both petrol engines.
Subaru says that the Lineartronic transmission has
been modified to manage the increased power while
also providing improved fuel efficiency, and
allowing both CVT-equipped petrol engines to
achieve the 2015 Japanese fuel economy standard.
With the 2.5i gasoline
(petrol) engine (debuted in the outgoing Forester generation), Subaru's
preliminary figures with the 2014 Forester indicate a maximal output of
170 hp (U.S. specs, corresponding to 127 kW, 172 PS. All conversions by
autopressnews.com) at 5,800 rpm, with a maximal torque figure of 174 lb-ft
(236 Nm, 24.05 kg-m) at 4,100 rpm.
This 4-cylinder FB series
boxer engine (flat engine with horizontally opposed cylinders, or V180°)
has a displacement of 2,498cc (152.4 cu. in), with a 94mm bore (3.7 in.)
by 90.0mm (3.54 in.) stroke, an aluminium cylinder block and head, 16
valves with double overhead
chain-driven camshafts (DOHC), Subaru
Active Valve Control System (AVCS) for
variable valve timing, a multi-port fuel injection (indirect) and a 10:1
Provisional fuel economy
estimates (U.S. specifications) are:
60/40 split rear seats.
- With the 6-speed manual
transmission: 22 US mpg, city (26.4 UK mpg, 10.7 litres / 100 km and 9.35
km / litre), 29 mpg, highway (34.8 UK mpg, 8.11 litres / 100 km and 12.3
km / litre) and 24 mpg, combined (28.8 UK mpg, 9.8 litres / 100 km and
10.2 km / litre).
With a full 15.9 U.S.
gallons fuel tank (13.2 UK gallons, 60.18 litres), these
figures offer a theoretical range (depending on fuel quality and driving
conditions) of 349 miles (562 km, city), 443 miles (713 km, highway) and
367 miles (590 km, combined).
With the CVT gearbox, the
figures rise to 24 US mpg, city (28.8 UK mpg, 9.8 litres / 100 km and 10.2
km / litre), 32 mpg, highway (38.4 UK mpg, 7.35 litres / 100 km and 13.6
km / litre) and 27 mpg, combined (32.4 UK mpg, 8.71 litres / 100 km and
11.5 km / litre).
These figures offer a
theoretical range of 381 miles / 614 km (city), 489 miles / 787 km
(highway) and 412 miles / 664 km (combined).
The Forester 2.5i model
will be available in the U.S. in base, Premium, Limited and top-line
The more powerful 2014
Subaru Forester 2.0XT gets a new turbocharged variant of the FA-Series
boxer engine (gasoline, petrol) that debuted in the Subaru
BRZ sports car (sister model of the Toyota
GT 86 sports coupe).
The 2.0-liter (1,998cc /
121.9 cu. in.), four-cylinder (16 valves) square engine (same bore and
stroke at 86mm each / 3.38 in.) has an aluminium cylinder block and head,
a turbocharger with an intercooler, direct fuel injection, and a 10.6:1
compression ratio, in addition to the Subaru Dual Active Valve Control
System (D-AVCS, variable valve timing
on both intake and exhaust valves
Maximum output (U.S.
specifications) is 250 horsepower (186 kW, 253 PS) at 5,600 rpm, with a
torque curve of 258 lb.-ft. (350 Nm, 36.67 kg-m) between 2,000 and 4,800
Provisional fuel economy
estimates (U.S. specifications) are, with the CVT transmission:
- 23 US mpg, city (27.6 UK
mpg, 10.2 litres / 100 km and 9.8 km / litre), 28 mpg, highway (33.6 UK
mpg, 8.4 litres / 100 km and 11.9 km / litre) and 25 mpg, combined (30 UK
mpg, 9.4 litres / 100 km and 10.6 km / litre).
With a full 15.9 U.S.
gallons fuel tank (13.2 UK gallons, 60.18 litres), these
figures offer a theoretical range of 365 miles (588 km, city), 428 miles
(689 km, highway) and 382 miles (615 km, combined).
The turbocharged Forester
2.0XT will be offered in the Premium and Touring versions.
On the gearbox side, the
2.5i models get a standard new six-speed manual transmission, or the
optional Lineartronic continuously variable transmission (CVT).
On the 2.0XT models, the
CVT is standard with 6-speed and 8-speed manual shift modes, steering
wheel paddle switches and an SI-DRIVE performance
control feature with "Intelligent", "Sport" and
"Sport Sharp" driving modes.
standard CVT with 6- and 8-speed manual shift modes.
The top-line 2014 Forester
models are equipped with the CVT and feature new Hill Descent Control and
a new X-Mode locking control feature.
The new Forester comes
with two versions of Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive. They both power all four
wheels continuously and can transfer more power to the wheels with the
Both versions also
integrate the Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC) system to enhance all-weather
stability and traction, but unlike other similar systems, they do not rely
on VDC to distribute power.
In fact, the Forester 2.5i
models equipped with the 6-speed manual transmission have a
viscous-coupling locking centre differential that distributes power 50:50
between front and rear, transferring, when necessary, more power to the
wheels with the best traction.
In Forester models with
the Lineartronic CVT transmission, an electronically managed continuously
variable transfer clutch manages power distribution based on acceleration
/ deceleration, cornering and available traction. This
Active All-Wheel Drive system automatically transfers more power to the
wheels with the best grip.
wheel control switches for several functions.
Subaru says that in the
new Forester, the Active All-Wheel Drive system has been enhanced for
better control when turning on slippery surfaces or changing lanes at
highway speeds. Taking input signals for steering wheel angle, yaw rate
and lateral acceleration from the Vehicle Dynamics System, Active AWD
responds to the vehicle’s slip angle when turning.
The Forester 2.5i Limited
and Touring as well as all 2.0XT models also get a new X-Mode feature
which optimizes control of the engine, transmission shift pattern, Active
AWD front/rear clutching force, brakes, VDC and other contributing systems
to enhance wheel control on slippery surfaces and steep inclines.
switch (red dot) on the console.
In those models, Hill
Descent Control, which is automatically engaged with the X-mode, uses the
VDC system to help maintain a constant vehicle speed when the Forester is
travelling downhill to help enhance control.
models feature the Subaru Intelligent Drive (SI-DRIVE), which is an engine
performance management system that offers three selectable modes:
"Intelligent", "Sport" and "Sport Sharp",
using a switch on the steering wheel.
Incidentally, one wonders
if this might be not be interpreted, with a pinch of perverse thinking,
that the Sport and Sport Sharp may be less, or even not... intelligent!
But let's banish the thought.
More seriously, the
Intelligent mode provides a more relaxed throttle response curve, making
it useful for commuting in traffic, for example.
switches on the steering wheel (right side).
mode provides quick throttle responses and powerful, linear acceleration.
It also accesses a 6-speed manual mode for the CVT, using steering wheel
paddle shift control switches.
In “Sport Sharp” mode,
SI-DRIVE modifies the engine’s electronic throttle mapping to deliver
even quicker throttle response, with an 8-speed manual mode for the CVT.
The four-wheel independent
suspension gets a revised rear suspension with pillow ball joint mounts
for the lateral links, over an 8.7 inches (221mm) ground clearance, while
the step-in height has been improved
by lowering the side sills by two
The front suspension
features McPherson-type struts, lower L-arms, coil springs and stabilizer
bar. The rear has a double wishbone structure with subframe, coil springs
and another stabilizer bar.
rear vision camera for most versions (except 2.5i).
The sport-tuned 2.0XT
version has higher-rate springs than the 2.5i models
(10% higher in front, 20% rear), plus special chassis reinforcements.
The various angles are
23.0° (approach), 25.0° (departure) and 21.0° (ramp breakover), with a
track width of 30.9in. (1,547m) at the front and 61.1in. (1,552m) at the
brakes have four discs with Electronic Brake-force Distribution (EBD) and
4-channel / 4-sensor ABS, Brake Assist and Brake
Override. The latter cuts engine power if the driver applies both the
brake and accelerator beyond a certain threshold.
The front discs are
ventilated in all versions with dual piston callipers, at 11.6in. diameter
(294.6mm) in the Forester 2.5i versions and 12.4in. (314.9mm) in the
instruments illumination for night vision.
At the rear, the brakes
have a single piston calliper with solid discs of 10.8in. diameter
(274.3mm) in the 2.5i Foresters and ventilated ones of 10.9in. diameter
(276.8mm) in the Forester 2.0XT.
On the body side, the
A-pillar is moved forward compared to the outgoing model, and all 2014
Forester models feature black side cladding and body-colour door handles.
The aluminium hood (bonnet) helps reduce
weight and consumption. The hood scoop used to supply air to the previous
Forester turbo model’s intercooler has been replaced by under-hood
ducting, which also enhances forward visibility.
Curb weight is (also
preliminary U.S. figures) 3,296 lbs (1495 kg) for the Forester 2.5i with
the 6-speed manual transmission, 3,366 lbs (1527 kg) with the CVT, or
3,622 lbs (1643 kg) for the 2.0XT with the CVT.
The Forester 2.5i rides on
17-inch wheels (steel), up from the 16-inch wheels used on the previous
model, while the 2.5i Premium has standard 17-inch alloy wheels. The
Forester 2.0XT models get 18-inch alloy wheels with a machine finish.
The interior of the
all-new Subaru Forester benefits from the longer wheelbase. With the
specially shaped front seat backs, the rear seat legroom was increased
from 38.0 inches (965mm) to 41.7 inches (1059mm).
The front seat hip point
is 1.1-in. (27.9mm) higher than before, and the driver’s seat height
adjustment offers an additional 0.6-in. (15mm) of range, along with
1.3-in. (33mm) greater fore-aft seat cushion adjustment range.
Subaru adds that the
centre rear seat passenger benefits from raising the hip point by 1.4 inch
(35.5mm), lowering the centre tunnel by 2.6-in. (66mm) and reducing the
length of the front centre console by nearly four inches (101mm).
models get a standard tilt/telescoping steering column and the front seats
use a new type of cushion spring array to enhance long-distance comfort.
The 2.5i Limited and Touring models feature a reclining rear seatback and
a rear seat fold-down centre armrest with dual cup holders.